Hockey

Hockey

Challenging Canada’s Game – Au-delà du sport national

Edited by: Jenny Ellison, Jennifer Anderson

336 Pages · 9.5x6.75 · April 25 2018

Paper ISBN: 9780776625997

PDF ISBN: 9780776626000

Availability: In stock

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Description

For Canadians, hockey is the game. Shared experiences and memories—lacing up for the first time, shinny on an outdoor rink, Sidney Crosby’s historic goal, or the one scored by Maurice Richard—make hockey more than just a game. 

While the relationship between hockey and national identity has been studied, where does the game fit into our understanding of multiple, diverse Canadian identities today? This interdisciplinary book considers hockey, both as professional and amateur sport, and both in historical and contemporary context, in relation to larger themes in Canadian Studies, including gender, race/ethnicity, ability, sexuality, geography, and reflects upon all aspects of hockey in Canadian life: play, fandom, sports broadcasting, and community activism. 

This interdisciplinary scholarly collection is an extension of the “Hockey in Canada: More Than Just a Game” exhibition presented by the Canadian Museum of History. 

Includes one chapter in French.
Abstract................................................................................................................. v

Résumé................................................................................................................. vi

List of Figures........................................................................................................ xv

Acknowledgements................................................................................................ xvii

Préface
Chantal Machabée.............................................................................................. xix

Introduction
Challenging Hockey
Jenny Ellison and Jennifer Anderson, Editors................................................... 1
More Than Just A Game.................................................................................. 1
Canada’s Game?............................................................................................... 5
Challenging Hockey........................................................................................ 11
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 14

Hockey: More Than Just a Game
Images from the Canadian Museum of History Exhibition,
March-October 2017.......................................................................................... 17

PART I
Debating Hockey’s Origins

Chapter 1
A Flag of Tendons: Hockey and Canadian History
Andrew C. Holman.............................................................................................. 25
Hockey History............................................................................................... 26
A Metaphor for Canadian History................................................................... 30
A Source of Unity, a Mirror of Divisions.......................................................... 34
Taking Hockey Seriously................................................................................. 40
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 41

Chapter 2
Re-Imagining the Creation: Popular Mythology, the Mi’kmaq,
and the Origins of Canadian Hockey
Paul W. Bennett................................................................................................... 45
The Invented Tradition.................................................................................... 46
The “Family Squabble” over Hockey’s Origins................................................. 47
Origins of the Game––Widening the Lens...................................................... 49
The Mi’kmaw Claim––from Duwarken to Hurley on Ice................................. 50
The King’s College Hockey Tradition––Real or Imagined? ............................. 51
Passion for the Game––a Canadian Tradition................................................... 55
The Wisdom of “Two-Eyed Seeing”................................................................ 56
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 57

Chapter 3
Imagining a Canadian Identity through Sport: An Historical
Interpretation of Lacrosse and Hockey
Michael A. Robidoux.......................................................................................... 61
The Process of Modernization......................................................................... 62
Resisting an Imported Canadian Identity......................................................... 64
Sport Sensibilities in Conflict........................................................................... 69
Violence, Masculinism, and Canadian Identity.................................................. 71
Conclusion...................................................................................................... 75
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 75

Document 1
Excerpts from The Survivors Speak: A Report of the Truth and Reconciliation
Commission of Canada (2015)
1. Name Redacted, Key First Nation, Saskatchewan ........................................ 77
2. Doug Beardy, Thunder Bay, Ontario............................................................. 78
3. Mervin Mirasty, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan..................................................... 78
4. Robert Malcolm, Winnipeg, Manitoba......................................................... 78
5. Christina Kimball, Winnipeg, Manitoba........................................................ 78
6. Paul Andrew, Inuvik, Northwest Territories.................................................. 79
7. John Kistabish, Montreal, Quebec................................................................ 79
8. Albert Fiddler, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan....................................................... 79
9. Orval Commanda, Spanish, Ontario............................................................. 80
10. William Antoine, Little Current, Ontario.................................................... 80
11. Roddy Soosay, Hobbema, Alberta............................................................... 81
12. Fred Sasakamoose...................................................................................... 81

PART II
Childhoods

Document 2
In the Beginning Was the Sweater: L’abominable feuille d’érable of Ste-Justine
John Willis........................................................................................................... 85
Sainte-Justine, Quebec..................................................................................... 86
Selling the NHL.............................................................................................. 90
Sainte-Justine in the Late 1940s....................................................................... 92
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 95

Chapter 4
Decolonizing the Hockey Novel: Ambivalence and Apotheosis
in Richard Wagamese’s Indian Horse
Sam McKegney and Trevor J. Phillips................................................................. 97
Indigenous Ambivalence and Settler Belonging through Hockey...................... 99
The False Promise of Inclusion........................................................................ 100
From Ambivalence to Apotheosis: Individual Achievement and Communal
Resurgence..................................................................................................... 104
Conclusion: To Transform a Game, Not an Individual....................................... 107
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 108

Chapter 5
“Here they come! Look them over!”: Youth, Citizenship,
and the Emergence of Minor Hockey in Canada
Carly Adams and Jason Laurendeau.................................................................... 111
(Minor) Hockey Scholarship............................................................................ 112
Children, Childhood, and Nation-Building...................................................... 113
The Development and Commercialization of Minor Hockey........................... 115
“Aiding the Youth of Our Nation”................................................................... 118
Conclusion...................................................................................................... 121
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 122

Chapter 6
A Myth within a Myth: “Outdoor Shinny” as the Nursery
for Canada’s National Game
Robert Rutherdale............................................................................................. 125
Placing Outdoor Hockey’s Symbolic Appeal in Historical Context.................. 126
Assessments of the Outdoor Rink in Life, Writing and Memory...................... 130
Community Fatherhood and Memories of the “Zukeadome” ......................... 133
The Symbolic Appeal of Outdoor Ice and Canada’s National Game................. 135
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 136

PART III
Whose Game?

Document 3
Skating in the Drainage Ditches
Hayley Wickenheiser........................................................................................... 141

Document 4
Tyrone’s Story
Emily Sadler........................................................................................................ 143

Chapter 7
Thirty Years of “Going Global”: Women’s International Hockey,
Cultural Diplomacy, and the Pursuit of Excellence
Julie Stevens......................................................................................................... 147
Introduction.................................................................................................... 147
Cultural Relations, Cultural Diplomacy, and Hockey....................................... 148
How Did We Get Here (2018) From There (1987)? ........................................ 150
Fran Rider................................................................................................ 150
Performing on the World Stage........................................................................ 151
Carla MacLeod......................................................................................... 151
Sarah Murray............................................................................................ 152
Welcoming the World...................................................................................... 154
Shannon Miller......................................................................................... 154
Danielle Goyette....................................................................................... 155
From National Team to Hockey Programs....................................................... 156
Margot Page.............................................................................................. 156
Laura Rollins............................................................................................ 156
Lindsay McAlpine..................................................................................... 157
Community and Competition within Women’s International Hockey.............. 158
Hayley Wickenheiser................................................................................. 159
Acknowledgements......................................................................................... 160
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 160

Chapter 8
Women’s Recreational Hockey: A New Player Profile
Denyse Lafrance Horning................................................................................... 165
Review of Women’s Hockey Literature............................................................ 166
Women’s Recreational Hockey........................................................................ 168
Player Profiles.................................................................................................. 169
Key Influencers............................................................................................... 170
Benefits and Challenges of Play....................................................................... 171
Interaction among Player Cohorts................................................................... 172
Recommendations.......................................................................................... 174
Promote Women’s Hockey............................................................................... 174
Focus on Skill Development ........................................................................... 175
Improve Ice-Time Accessibility........................................................................ 175
Restructure Leagues to Expand Participation Options..................................... 175
Cultivate a Supportive Female Hockey Community ....................................... 176
Conclusions.................................................................................................... 176
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 177

PART IV
Reporting Hockey

Document 5
Hockey in New Media
Joe Pelletier......................................................................................................... 181

Chapter 9
O Canada, We Stand On Guard For Thee: Representations of Canadian
Hockey Players in the Swedish Press, 1920–2016
Tobias Stark......................................................................................................... 183
Analytical Considerations ............................................................................... 184
The Pioneering Years, 1920–1939.................................................................... 185
The Cold War Era, 1945–1989......................................................................... 189
Curtain Fall, 1989–2016 ................................................................................. 194
Bibliography ................................................................................................... 195

Chapter 10
The Hockey Night in Canada Punjabi Broadcast:
A Case Study in Ethnic Sports Media
Courtney Szto and Richard Gruneau............................................................... 199
Hockey Night(s) in Canada ............................................................................ 201
Ethnic (Sports) Media...................................................................................... 204
Hockey Night Canada in Punjabi: From the Sidelines to Centre Stage................. 205
“Bonino Bonino Bonino!”.............................................................................. 207
Ethnic Sports Media: Lessons Learned............................................................. 209
Conclusion...................................................................................................... 212
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 212

Chapter 11
Taking Slap Shots at the House: When the Canadian Media
Turn Curlers into Hockey Players
Kristi A. Allain.................................................................................................... 217
National Identity and the Reproduction of Canadian Hockey Masculinity....... 219
Canadian Hockey Masculinity and the Transformation of Curling.................... 223
The Problem of Narrowing Canadian Sports Masculinities.............................. 225
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 227

Chapter 12
Tweeting Sexism and Homophobia: Gender and Sexuality in the
Digital Lives of Male Major Midget AAA Hockey Players in Canada
Cheryl A. MacDonald........................................................................................ 231
The Broader Study.......................................................................................... 232
The Social-Media Content Analysis................................................................. 234
Discussion....................................................................................................... 237
Conclusion...................................................................................................... 239
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 240

PART V
Rethinking the Pros

Document 6
Maurice Richard : notre icône
Benoît Melançon................................................................................................ 245

Document 7
Joseph Cletus (Joe) Malone, 1890-1969
Marc Durand....................................................................................................... 249

Chapter 13
Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League
Players’ Association, 1956–1958
J. Andrew Ross..................................................................................................... 251
More than a Game, a Business.......................................................................... 252
A Resurgence of Athlete Activism................................................................... 253
Not Out “to make trouble”.............................................................................. 254
Congress and the Courts................................................................................. 257
“Union”.......................................................................................................... 262
The End.......................................................................................................... 267
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 269
Legal citations................................................................................................. 270

Chapitre 14
Eric Lindros et les Nordiques de Québec : deux solitudes ?
Laurent Turcot.................................................................................................... 271
Un jeune prodige............................................................................................ 272
Le repêchage de 1991...................................................................................... 273
Un dossier qui se politise................................................................................. 275
L’échange........................................................................................................ 281
Bibliographie................................................................................................... 283

Chapter 15
Whiteness and Hockey in Canada: Lessons from Semi-Structured
Interviews with Retired Professional Players
Nathan Kalman-Lamb......................................................................................... 287
Canada, Multiculturalism, and Whiteness.......................................................... 287
Sport, Race, and Whiteness in Canada.............................................................. 288
Methodology.................................................................................................. 291
Hockey, Whiteness, and the Disavowal of Race(ism)......................................... 292
Racism and Violence in Canadian Hockey....................................................... 295
Bibliography.................................................................................................... 299

Contributors.......................................................................................................... 301

Index..................................................................................................................... 305