In your 2009 book The Bold and the Brave, you examine the evolving role of women in science and engineering. What has changed and what hasn’t?

If you look at the last 20 years, there has been little change, for example, in harassment. Although there’s the #metoo campaign, there’s still this huge problem of “boys will be boys,” and respect for women is still lacking. Some companies have really good practices and others are still dismal. I tell women to try to find a good company, because there are some really good ones that cater to attracting and retaining women – it really depends where you’re hired.

But enrolment (in STEM programs) has gone up. I was the only woman in my faculty and now there’s about 17% women, so there has been some progress there. The environment and the faculty have improved as well. There were no women professors when I went to school, but now there’s around 10% or 12%. There’s still lots to be done, but it’s better than it was.

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