Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre

Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre

Essays on the Archaeology and History of New France and Canadian Culture in Honour of Jean-Pierre Chrestien

Edited by: John Willis

408 Pages · 9.5x6.75 · April 28 2017

Paper ISBN: 9780776624570

PDF ISBN: 9780776624587

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Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre is inspired by the work of archaeologist Jean-Pierre Chrestien (1949–2008), who worked hand-in-glove with a generation of researchers in helping to unearth unexpected and always interesting aspects of New France.

Contributions focus first upon the door to New France in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Newfoundland and Acadia. A second set of essays move further up the St. Lawrence and into the heartland of the continent. 

The final section examines aspects of Canadian culture: popular art, religion and communication. The essays share a curiosity for material culture, a careful regard for detail and nuance that forms the grain of New France studies, and sensitivity to the overall context that is part and parcel of how history
proceeds on the local or regional scale. 

Happily we can now dispense with old-fashioned and facile generalizations about the allegedly absent bourgeoisie, the purportedly deficient commercial ethic of the habitants and the so-called underlying military character of the colony and get down the business of understanding real people and their possessions in context.





John Willis



Part I



Prehistoric Fish

Karen Ryan


Chapitre 1

Les Français dans les eaux nord-américaines au xvie siècle : un retour légitime sur le contexte de l’époque

Bernard Allaire


Les Français à Terre-Neuve au début du xvie siècle

La volonté royale

Les facteurs de l’augmentation de la présence française

Les domaines d’exploitation lucratifs : morues, baleines et pelleteries

Conclusion et perspectives futures

La recherche transnationale

Ouvrages cités


Chapter 2

Fisher Men at Work: The Material Culture of the Champ Paya

Fishing Room as a Gendered Site

Peter E Pope


Excavations at Champ Paya

Seasonal Fishing Rooms as Gendered Sites

The Material Expression of Gender

Far from Home



Chapter 3

Life in a French Atlantic Fishing Village: A Look at the Outports

of Île Royale 1713–1758

Anne Marie Lane Jonah, with Rebecca Dunham


The North Atlantic Fishery

Leaving Newfoundland

Settling Île Royale

Settling the Outports

Habitants-pêcheurs and Fishermen

A Transatlantic Community/Cross-Cultural Encounters

The Impact of War

Beneath the Surface



Chapter 4

Bread Ovens and Baking in Nineteenth-Century Breton

Fishing Stations of Newfoundland

Geneviève Godbout

North Atlantic Fisheries

The Champ Paya Bread Oven

Bread and Baking in Modern Brittany

Complexity and Reciprocity




Chapter 5

The Atlantic Travels of Henri Brunet, a Migrant Merchant

in Seventeenth-Century French Newfoundland

Amanda Crompton

Fishing and Trading in Early Modern French Newfoundland

Brunet’s Papers

Brunet’s Business Associates

Traveller, Merchant, Mariner

People and Places in Newfoundland





Part II


Tobacco Teeth

Janet Young


Chapter 6

Smoking Pipes as Signifiers of French Creole Identity

Gregory A Waselkov


The Creation of French North American Identities

Mi’kmaq-Style Smoking Pipes as Identity Signifiers

Southern Distribution of Mi’kmaq-Style Smoking Pipes


Le Pays des Illinois

Reconsidering Mi’kmaq-Style Pipes




Chapitre 7

Les « batteaux plats » de Nouvelle‑France

Charles Dagneau  


La construction des batteaux plats

Une production continue et standardisée

L’utilisation des batteaux plats

Une embarcation adaptée à son environnement

Les batteaux du roi : une réalité coloniale nord-américaine


Ouvrages cités


Chapter 8

If These Pots Could Talk: French Stoneware in Eastern Canada,

circa 1540–1760

Mélanie J Gervais



Characterization of French Stoneware

Technical Aspects, Forms, and Functions

French Production Regions

The Distribution of French Stoneware in Quebec

Provenance Regions in France

French Stoneware Outside Quebec

Contexts of Use of French Stoneware


Transatlantic and Colonial Trade

Settlement and Religious Institutions





Chapitre 9

Habitants, autorités et délits en Nouvelle-France :

les Montréalais et la traite des fourrures

Léon Robichaud


Définir la norme locale, 1642-1668

L’ingérence des gouverneurs, 1668-1685

Les défis de la répression, 1685-1703


Ouvrages cités


Chapter 10

Glimpses from Both Sides of the Palisade: Historic Archaeology

at Fort Churchill or New Severn Post (GlIw-1)

Jean-Luc Pilon


Locating Fort Churchill or New Severn Post (GlIw-1)


Ancient History

A) A continuously changing landscape

B) An ancient human presence

C) Washahoe Inninou: the people of the Severn River

Recent History

A) Initial European references to the Severn River

B) The Short Life of Fort Churchill or New Severn Post  

C) Archaeological investigations at GlIw-1; Fort Churchill

or New Severn Post rises from the ashes  

The Archaeology inside the Palisade––GlIw-1, Feature A

Excavation Areas and Collection Context  

The Collection

A) Clasp knife  

B) Rings  

C) Coarse earthenware  

D) Faunal remains  


The Archaeology outside the Palisade––Feature B

Feature B, Western Area

A) Stratigraphy and artifact distribution (see table 101, fig 1012)

B) A European feature

C) Artifacts––Level IV, all categories

Feature B––Eastern Area

A) Stratigraphy and artifact distribution (table 102, fig 1019)


From Both Sides of the Palisade

Practical Considerations

Complicating Factors


A) Kaolin pipes

B) Glass beads

C) Firearms and ammunition

D) Tinkling cones

E) Re-purposed metal knife

F) Glass bottles

G) Items of Indigenous manufacture inside the palisade


Some Considerations

Final Thoughts

Acknowledgements References


Part III


Petit à petit, une faïence révèle ses secrets

Jean-François Lozier


Chapitre 11

Phases de développement de l’art populaire québécois

Jean-François Blanchette



L’art populaire ancré dans la tradition

L’art populaire au goût de l’« autre »

L’art populaire indiscipliné

Mimétisme de l’art populaire

L’art populaire impopulaire : le graffiti  


Ouvrages cités


Chapitre 12

Une typologie des croix de chemin dans le comté de Mégantic

Vanessa Oliver-Lloyd

Le phénomène des croix de chemin au Québec

Identification du corpus et méthodologie



Typologie des croix de chemin du comté de Mégantic

Matériau de construction

Décoration des pièces constitutives et des extrémités

Décoration du centre de la croix

Décorations fixées sur la traverse

Décorations fixées sur le pal

La croix de chemin comme manifestation de la culture populaire

Les types de croix selon le motif d’érection

Les croix de chemin du comté de Mégantic

1 La croix votive

2 La croix talismanique

3 La croix commémorative

4 Motifs « autres »


Ouvrages cités


Chapter 13

Layers of Talk and Time: Reconsidering Canadian Communication

from New France to 1914

John Willis


New France

Lower Canada: Communication in the Nineteenth Century

British North America: Overt and Covert Mail

The Border  

The West

The Old West

Take-Over of the Old West

The New West: A New Layer of Civilization

Edmonton: Instant City




Index to English Chapters

Index des chapitres français