The Far Northeast: 3000 BP to Contact is the first volume to synthesize archaeological research from across Atlantic Canada and northern New England for the period spanning from 3000 years ago to European contact.
Recently, notions of the “Woodland period” in the broader Northeast have drawn scrutiny from experts due to increasing awareness that its hallmarks—such as horticulture, village formation, mortuary ceremonialism, and the advent of various technologies—appear to be less synchronous than once thought.
By paying particular attention to the Far Northeast and its unique (yet sometimes marginal) position in Woodland discourse, this work offers a much-needed in-depth look at one of the best-documented cases of hunter-gatherer persistence and adaptation at the eve of European contact.
Penned by academic, government, and cultural-resource-management archaeologists, the seventeen chapters in The Far Northeast: 3000 BP to Contact draw on decades of research in considering this period, both in terms of variability within the region, and integration with broader cultural patterns in the Northeast and beyond.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Preface and Acknowledgements
Continental Thoughts, (Maritime) Peninsular Perspective: What Can the Far Northeast Say about “the Woodland”?
Kenneth R. Holyoke and M. Gabriel Hrynick
The Struggle Was Real: On the End of the Archaic on the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador
Donald H. Holly, Jr., Christopher B. Wolff, and Stephen H. Hull
Pre-Contact Ceramic Assemblages from the Churchill River, Central Labrador
Corey Hutchings and Fred Schwarz
Far Northeastern Flaked-Lithic Material Acquisition and Exchange: Looking Through the Bliss Islands Lens
David W. Black
Cultural Patterning through the Early Maritime Woodland in the Far Northeast: A Perspective from the Archaeological Landscape of Metepenagiag, Mi'kmaqi
Susan E. Blair and Michael P. Rooney
A Chronological and Typological Framework for Bifacial Stone Tools in the Maritime Peninsula during the Ceramic Period
Adrian L. Burke
Geochemical Provenance of Copper in Pre-Contact Artifacts on the Maritime Peninsula, Eastern Canada: Determining Source Using Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
Jacob Hanley, Anna Terekhova, Paige Drake, Katie Cottreau-Robins, Roger Lewis, Brent Suttie, and Brandon Boucher
“And we showered with a thousand praises the woman who had been the fire’s guardian”: Ancestral Wabanaki Gender and Place-making in the Woodland Period
M. Gabriel Hrynick and Matthew W. Betts
All Our Relations: Re-Animating the Mi'kmaw Landscape on Nova Scotia’s Chignecto Peninsula
Michelle A. Lelièvre, Alyssa Abram, Cynthia Martin, and Mallory Moran
Variation amid Homogeneity: An Examination of Early Ceramic–Period Technologies
from the Penobscot River Valley in MaineBonnie D. Newsom
Later Late Maritime Woodland Settlement in Peskotomuhkatihkuk: Re-Envisioning Chronology, Shellfishing, and Site Formation at the Cusp of Contact
A. Katherine Patton, Susan E. Blair, and W. Jesse Webb
The Changing Role of Ceramics during the Woodland Period in the Far Northeast: Evidence from Some Large Ceramic Assemblages in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
Cora A. Woolsey
The Woodland Period in the Eastern Townships, Quebec: Adaptation and Continuity
Ndakina: The Impact of Colonization on Knowledge Systems and Ancestral Knowledge
The Village of Chouacoët and the Ceramic and Protohistoric Periods on Saco Bay, Maine
Arthur W. Anderson
The Origin of St. Lawrence Iroquoian Pottery in Northern New England: New Data on an Old Question
Roland Tremblay, Claude Chapdelaine, and Greg Kennedy
Subsistence Trends during the Woodland Period in Northern Vermont: A Comparison of Fauna, Flora, and Lipid Data from the Missisquoi River
Ellen Cowie, Gemma-Jayne Hudgell, Robert Bartone, Nancy Asch Sidell, Frances Stewart, Karine Taché, and Aida R. Barbera