The Far Northeast: 3000 BP to Contact is the first volume to synthesize archaeological research from across Atlantic Canada and northern New England for the period spanning from 3000 years ago to European contact.
Recently, notions of the “Woodland period” in the broader Northeast have drawn scrutiny from experts due to increasing awareness that its hallmarks—such as horticulture, village formation, mortuary ceremonialism, and the advent of various technologies—appear to be less synchronous than once thought.
By paying particular attention to the Far Northeast and its unique (yet sometimes marginal) position in Woodland discourse, this work offers a much-needed in-depth look at one of the best-documented cases of hunter-gatherer persistence and adaptation at the eve of European contact.
Penned by academic, government, and cultural-resource-management archaeologists, the seventeen chapters in The Far Northeast: 3000 BP to Contact draw on decades of research in considering this period, both in terms of variability within the region, and integration with broader cultural patterns in the Northeast and beyond.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations Preface and Acknowledgements
Chapter 1 Continental Thoughts, (Maritime) Peninsular Perspective: What Can the Far Northeast Say about “the Woodland”? Kenneth R. Holyoke and M. Gabriel Hrynick
Chapter 2 The Struggle Was Real: On the End of the Archaic on the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador Donald H. Holly, Jr., Christopher B. Wolff, and Stephen H. Hull
Chapter 3 Pre-Contact Ceramic Assemblages from the Churchill River, Central Labrador Corey Hutchings and Fred Schwarz
Chapter 4 Far Northeastern Flaked-Lithic Material Acquisition and Exchange: Looking Through the Bliss Islands Lens David W. Black
Chapter 5 Cultural Patterning through the Early Maritime Woodland in the Far Northeast: A Perspective from the Archaeological Landscape of Metepenagiag, Mi'kmaqi Susan E. Blair and Michael P. Rooney
Chapter 6 A Chronological and Typological Framework for Bifacial Stone Tools in the Maritime Peninsula during the Ceramic Period Adrian L. Burke
Chapter 7 Geochemical Provenance of Copper in Pre-Contact Artifacts on the Maritime Peninsula, Eastern Canada: Determining Source Using Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry Jacob Hanley, Anna Terekhova, Paige Drake, Katie Cottreau-Robins, Roger Lewis, Brent Suttie, and Brandon Boucher
Chapter 8 “And we showered with a thousand praises the woman who had been the fire’s guardian”: Ancestral Wabanaki Gender and Place-making in the Woodland Period M. Gabriel Hrynick and Matthew W. Betts
Chapter 9 All Our Relations: Re-Animating the Mi'kmaw Landscape on Nova Scotia’s Chignecto Peninsula Michelle A. Lelièvre, Alyssa Abram, Cynthia Martin, and Mallory Moran
Chapter 10 Variation amid Homogeneity: An Examination of Early Ceramic–Period Technologies from the Penobscot River Valley in MaineBonnie D. Newsom
Chapter 11 Later Late Maritime Woodland Settlement in Peskotomuhkatihkuk: Re-Envisioning Chronology, Shellfishing, and Site Formation at the Cusp of Contact A. Katherine Patton, Susan E. Blair, and W. Jesse Webb
Chapter 12 The Changing Role of Ceramics during the Woodland Period in the Far Northeast: Evidence from Some Large Ceramic Assemblages in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Cora A. Woolsey
Chapter 13 The Woodland Period in the Eastern Townships, Quebec: Adaptation and Continuity Claude Chapdelaine
Chapter 14 Ndakina: The Impact of Colonization on Knowledge Systems and Ancestral Knowledge Geneviève Treyvaud
Chapter 15 The Village of Chouacoët and the Ceramic and Protohistoric Periods on Saco Bay, Maine Arthur W. Anderson
Chapter 16 The Origin of St. Lawrence Iroquoian Pottery in Northern New England: New Data on an Old Question Roland Tremblay, Claude Chapdelaine, and Greg Kennedy
Chapter 17 Subsistence Trends during the Woodland Period in Northern Vermont: A Comparison of Fauna, Flora, and Lipid Data from the Missisquoi River Ellen Cowie, Gemma-Jayne Hudgell, Robert Bartone, Nancy Asch Sidell, Frances Stewart, Karine Taché, and Aida R. Barbera
Kenneth R. Holyoke (Editor) Kenneth R. Holyoke received his MA from the University of New Brunswick in 2012 and has worked in CRM throughout Canada for over a decade. He is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Toronto. Ken’s research focuses on lithic technology, quarrying, sourcing, exchange, place-making, and hunter-gatherer archaeology in the Northeast. He has published on Maritime Peninsula pre-contact history and lithic technology in the Canadian Journal of Archaeology, the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, and the Mercury Series.
M. Gabriel Hrynick (Editor) M. Gabriel Hrynick is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of New Brunswick, External Research Associate at the University of Maine Climate Change Institute, and Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society. His research focuses on coastal hunter-gatherers. He is the co-author of The Archaeology of the Atlantic Northeast (University of Toronto Press). His PhD is from the University of Connecticut.